IN FOCUS: Hepatitis

Hepatitis — UCSF and San Francisco at Ground Zero

Viral hepatitis chronically infects between 3.5 and 5.2 million people in the U.S. and more than 30,000 in San Francisco, alone — but only about one in three people who are infected know it, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Read more

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ABCs of Hepatitis

Hepatitis A is inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver from the hepatitis A virus. The hepatitis A virus is found mostly in the stools and blood of an infected person about 15 - 45 days before symptoms occur and during the first week of illness. Because not everyone has symptoms with hepatitis A infection, many more people are infected than are diagnosed or reported.

Hepatitis B is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the liver due to infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B infection can be spread through having contact with the blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids of someone who already has a hepatitis B infection.

Hepatitis C is a viral disease that leads to swelling (inflammation) of the liver. Hepatitis C infection is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Most people who were recently infected with hepatitis C do not have symptoms.

Source: PubMed Health