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UC San Francisco researchers have finally identified the cellular circuit responsible for conveying stress signals from inside mitochondria to the integrated stress response, a discovery that may have important implications for treating the many debilitating diseases associated with mitochondrial stress.
A new UCSF study of patients with Parkinson’s disease has revealed a pathway that transmits signals very rapidly between two parts of the human brain to govern the complex act of halting a motion once it’s been initiated.
A blood test that may eventually be done in a doctor’s office can swiftly reveal if a patient with memory issues has Alzheimer’s disease or mild cognitive impairment and can also distinguish both conditions from frontotemporal dementia.
For a conditioned response to become long-lasting requires brain cells to increase amounts of an insulating material called myelin, which may serve to reinforce and stabilize newly formed neural connections.