A new journal series, “Quality Grand Rounds,” will harness the power of individual case presentations to educate health care providers about medical errors. The first article in a series of eight appears in the June 4, 2002 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine and at www.annals.org.
June 02, 2002
Nearly three million cataract surgeries are performed every year in the United States. The majority of patients must wear prescription glasses after the procedure to see properly. But a new technology may eliminate this problem. Based on technology developed by researchers from UCSF and Cal Tech, Calhoun Vision, Inc. is developing a photosensitive silicone intraocular lens. This lens can be adjusted - non-invasively, weeks after surgery—with a low-power source of light to eliminate refractive errors post implantation.
May 29, 2002
The tobacco industry’s own documents show that most youth smoking prevention programs it has supported are designed to promote industry political and marketing aims rather than to reduce smoking, according to researchers who analyzed nearly 500 industry documents.
May 29, 2002
The tobacco industry engaged in aggressive intelligence gathering to combat tobacco control groups—including the use of intermediaries to obtain materials under false pretenses, sending public relations spies to public health organization meetings, and covertly taping strategy sessions, according to an analysis of internal tobacco industry documents by Ruth E. Malone, assistant professor of nursing and health policy in the UCSF School of Nursing. The analysis appears in the June, 2002 issue of the American Journal of Public Health.
May 29, 2002
Scientists have discovered that a type of childhood leukemia starts with a genetic mutation in the womb and can take 12 years or more to progress into the life-threatening cancer - the longest “latency period” yet identified between the initiating genetic event and diagnosis of leukemia. Discovery of such a long time lag between the initial event and full development of leukemia suggests that even some adult leukemia may start in the womb, the researchers conclude.
May 28, 2002
Prostate cancer, which largely afflicts older men, is costly for Californians, accounting for more than $180 million in direct health care costs in 1998 and an additional $180 million in lost productivity resulting from premature death. Costs are likely to increase as life expectancy increases, according to UCSF researchers.
May 24, 2002
Funding proven HIV prevention interventions in sub-Saharan Africa is 28 times more cost-effective than funding highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), even when HAART is priced extremely conservatively, according to UCSF researchers.
May 24, 2002
When the U.S. Senate takes up the issue of “therapeutic cloning” in the coming weeks, it will be considering a novel technique aimed at obtaining embryonic stem cells, which could potentially be used to treat such diseases as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and spinal cord injury.
May 23, 2002
Eating potassium-rich foods such as bananas, tomatoes and orange juice can help prevent osteoporosis for postmenopausal women by decreasing calcium losses, according to a UCSF study. In postmenopausal women the consumption of excessive salt has been shown to increase the level of bone minerals excreted through urine, although salt does not seem to effect younger women or men in a similar fashion, said study author Deborah Sellmeyer, MD, UCSF assistant adjunct professor of endocrinology and metabolism.
May 22, 2002
Researchers at Columbia University and the University of California, San Francisco have halted the course of early stage Type 1 diabetes for a year by treating patients for two weeks with a new immune-suppressive drug which had only minor side effects. The year-long clinical trial is the first to stop the progression of Type 1 diabetes using a short-term therapy that specifically targets disease-causing T-cells of the immune system, the scientists report.